dulwich - Python implementation of Git



This is the Dulwich project.

It aims to provide an interface to git repos (both local and remote) that doesn’t call out to git directly but instead uses pure Python.

Main website: <https://www.dulwich.io/>

License: Apache License, version 2 or GNU General Public License, version 2 or later.

The project is named after the part of London that Mr. and Mrs. Git live in in the particular Monty Python sketch.


By default, Dulwich’ setup.py will attempt to build and install the optional C extensions. The reason for this is that they significantly improve the performance since some low-level operations that are executed often are much slower in CPython.

If you don’t want to install the C bindings, specify the –pure argument to setup.py:

$ python setup.py --pure install

or if you are installing from pip:

$ pip install dulwich --global-option="--pure"

Note that you can also specify –global-option in a requirements.txt file, e.g. like this:

dulwich --global-option=--pure

Getting started

Dulwich comes with both a lower-level API and higher-level plumbing (“porcelain”).

For example, to use the lower level API to access the commit message of the last commit:

>>> from dulwich.repo import Repo
>>> r = Repo('.')
>>> r.head()
>>> c = r[r.head()]
>>> c
<Commit 015fc1267258458901a94d228e39f0a378370466>
>>> c.message
'Add note about encoding.\n'

And to print it using porcelain:

>>> from dulwich import porcelain
>>> porcelain.log('.', max_entries=1)
commit: 57fbe010446356833a6ad1600059d80b1e731e15
Author: Jelmer Vernooij <jelmer@jelmer.uk>
Date:   Sat Apr 29 2017 23:57:34 +0000

Add note about encoding.

Further documentation

The dulwich documentation can be found in docs/ and built by running make doc. It can also be found on the web.


There is a #dulwich IRC channel on the OFTC, and a dulwich-discuss mailing list.


For a full list of contributors, see the git logs or AUTHORS.

If you’d like to contribute to Dulwich, see the CONTRIBUTING file and list of open issues.

Supported versions of Python

At the moment, Dulwich supports (and is tested on) CPython 3.6 and later and Pypy.




0.20.50 2022-10-30

  • Fix Repo.reset_index. Previously, it instead took the union with the given tree. (Christian Sattler, #1072)

  • Add -b argument to dulwich clone. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • On Windows, provide a hint about developer mode when creating symlinks fails due to a permission error. (Jelmer Vernooij, #1005)

  • Add new ObjectID type in dulwich.objects, currently just an alias for bytes. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support repository format version 1. (Jelmer Vernooij, #1056)

  • Support rn line endings with continuations when parsing configuration files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix handling of SymrefLoop in RefsContainer.__setitem__. (Dominic Davis-Foster, Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.46 2022-09-06

  • Apply insteadOf to rsync-style location strings (previously it was just applied to URLs). (Jelmer Vernooij, python-poetry/poetry#6329)

  • Drop use of certifi, instead relying on urllib3’s default code to find system CAs. (Jelmer Vernooij, #1025)

  • Implement timezone parsing in porcelain. (springheeledjack0, #1026)

  • Drop support for running without setuptools. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Ensure configuration is loaded when running “dulwich clone”. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Build 32 bit wheels for Windows. (Benjamin Parzella)

  • tests: Ignore errors when deleting GNUPG home directory. Fixes spurious errors racing gnupg-agent. Thanks, Matěj Cepl. Fixes #1000

  • config: Support closing brackets in quotes in section names. (Jelmer Vernooij, #10124)

  • Various and formatting fixes. (Kian-Meng Ang)

  • Document basic authentication in dulwich.porcelain.clone. (TuringTux)

  • Flush before calling fsync, ensuring buffers are filled. (wernha)

  • Support GPG commit signing. (springheeledjack0)

  • Add python 3.11 support. (Saugat Pachhai)

  • Allow missing GPG during tests. (Jakub Kulík)

  • status: return posix-style untracked paths instead of nt-style paths on win32 (Daniele Trifirò)

  • Honour PATH environment when running C Git for testing. (Stefan Sperling)

  • Split out exception for symbolic reference loops. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Move various long-deprecated methods. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.45 2022-07-15

  • Add basic dulwich.porcelain.submodule_list and dulwich.porcelain.submodule_add

(Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.44 2022-06-30

  • Fix reading of chunks in server. (Jelmer Vernooij, #977)

  • Support applying of URL rewriting using insteadOf / pushInsteadOf. (Jelmer Vernooij, #706)

0.20.43 2022-06-07

  • Lazily import url2pathname. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Drop caching of full HTTP response. Attempt #2. (jelmer Vernooij, Antoine Lambert, #966)

0.20.42 2022-05-24

  • Drop RefsContainer.watch that was always flaky. (Jelmer Vernooij, #886)

0.20.41 2022-05-24

  • Fix wheel uploading, properly. (Ruslan Kuprieiev)

0.20.40 2022-05-19

  • Fix wheel uploading. (Daniele Trifirò, Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.39 2022-05-19

0.20.38 2022-05-17

  • Disable paramiko tests if paramiko is not available. (Michał Górny)

  • Set flag to re-enable paramiko server side on gentoo for running paramiko tests. (Michał Górny)

  • Increase tolerance when comparing time stamps; fixes some spurious test failures on slow CI systems. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Revert removal of caching of full HTTP response. This breaks access to some HTTP servers. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.37 2022-05-16

  • Avoid making an extra copy when fetching pack files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add porcelain.remote_remove. (Jelmer Vernooij, #923)

0.20.36 2022-05-15

  • Add walk_untracked argument to porcelain.status. (Daniele Trifirò)

  • Add tests for paramiko SSH Vendor. (Filipp Frizzy)

0.20.35 2022-03-20

  • Document the path attribute for Repo. (Jelmer Vernooij, #854)

0.20.34 2022-03-14

  • Add support for multivars in configuration. (Jelmer Vernooij, #718)

0.20.33 2022-03-05

  • Fix handling of escaped characters in ignore patterns. (Jelmer Vernooij, #930)

  • Add dulwich.contrib.requests_vendor. (epopcon)

  • Ensure git config is available in a linked working tree. (Jesse Cureton, #926)

0.20.32 2022-01-24

  • Properly close result repository during test. (Jelmer Vernooij, #928)

0.20.31 2022-01-21

  • Add GitClient.clone(). (Jelmer Vernooij, #920)

0.20.30 2022-01-08

0.20.29 2022-01-08

  • Support staging submodules. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Drop deprecated Index.iterblobs and iter_fresh_blobs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Unify clone behaviour of Repo.clone and porcelain.clone, and add branch parameter for clone. (Peter Rowlands, #851)

0.20.28 2022-01-05

  • Fix hook test on Mac OSX / Linux when dulwich is not installed system-wide. (Jelmer Vernooij, #919)

  • Cope with gecos being unset. (Jelmer Vernooij, #917)

0.20.27 2022-01-04

  • Allow adding files to repository in pre-commit hook. (Jelmer Vernooij, #916)

  • Raise SubmoduleEncountered in tree_lookup_path. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.26 2021-10-29

  • Support os.PathLike arguments to Repo.stage(). (Jan Wiśniewski, #907)

  • Drop support for Python 3.5. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add dulwich.porcelain._reset_file. (Ded_Secer)

  • Add Repo.unstage. (Ded_Secer)

0.20.25 2021-08-23

  • Fix dulwich script when installed via setup.py. (Dan Villiom Podlaski Christiansen)

  • Make default file mask consistent with Git. (Dan Villiom Podlaski Christiansen, #884)

0.20.24 2021-07-18

  • config: disregard UTF-8 BOM when reading file. (Dan Villiom Podlaski Christiansen)

  • Skip lines with spaces only in .gitignore. (Andrey Torsunov, #878)

  • Add a separate HTTPProxyUnauthorized exception for 407 errors. (Jelmer Vernooij, #822)

  • Split out a AbstractHTTPGitClient class. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.23 2021-05-24

  • Fix installation of GPG during package publishing. (Ruslan Kuprieiev)

0.20.22 2021-05-24

  • Prevent removal of refs directory when the last ref is deleted. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix filename: MERGE_HEADS => MERGE_HEAD. (Jelmer Vernooij, #861)

  • For ignored directories, porcelain.add and porcelain.status now only return the path to directory itself in the list of ignored paths. Previously, paths for all files within the directory would also be included in the list. (Peter Rowlands, #853)

  • Provide depth argument to determine_wants. (Peter Rowlands)

  • Various tag signature handling improvements. (Daniel Murphy)

  • Add separate Tag.verify(). (Peter Rowlands)

  • Add support for version 3 index files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix autocrlf=input handling. (Peter Rowlands, Boris Feld)

  • Attempt to find C Git global config on Windows. (Peter Rowlands)


  • The APIs for writing and reading individual index entries have changed to handle lists of (name, entry) tuples rather than tuples.

0.20.21 2021-03-20

  • Add basic support for a GcsObjectStore that stores pack files in gcs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • In porcelain.push, default to local active branch. (Jelmer Vernooij, #846)

  • Support fetching symrefs. (Jelmer Vernooij, #485, #847)

  • Add aarch64 wheel building. (odidev, Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.20 2021-03-03

  • Implement Stash.drop. (Peter Rowlands)

  • Support untracked symlinks to paths outside the repository. (Peter Rowlands, #842)

0.20.19 2021-02-11

  • Fix handling of negative matches in nested gitignores. (Corentin Hembise, #836)

0.20.18 2021-02-04

  • Fix formatting in setup.py. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add release configuration. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.17 2021-02-04

  • credentials: ignore end-of-line character. (Georges Racinet)

  • Fix failure in get_untracked_paths when the repository contains symlinks. (#830, #793, mattseddon)

  • docs: Clarify that Git objects are created on git add. (Utku Gultopu)

0.20.16 2021-01-16

  • Add flag to only attempt to fetch ignored untracked files when specifically requested. (Matt Seddon)

0.20.15 2020-12-23

  • Add some functions for parsing and writing bundles. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add no_verify flag to porcelain.commit and Repo.do_commit. (Peter Rowlands)

  • Remove dependency on external mock module. (Matěj Cepl, #820)

0.20.14 2020-11-26

  • Fix some stash functions on Python 3. (Peter Rowlands)

  • Fix handling of relative paths in alternates files on Python 3. (Georges Racinet)

0.20.13 2020-11-22

  • Add py.typed to allow type checking. (David Caro)

  • Add tests demonstrating a bug in the walker code. (Doug Hellman)

0.20.11 2020-10-30

  • Fix wheels build on Linux. (Ruslan Kuprieiev)

  • Enable wheels build for Python 3.9 on Linux. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.8 2020-10-29

  • Build wheels on Mac OS X / Windows for Python 3.9. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.20.7 2020-10-29

  • Check core.repositoryformatversion. (Jelmer Vernooij, #803)

  • Fix ACK/NACK handling in archive command handling in dulwich.client. (DzmitrySudnik, #805)

0.20.6 2020-08-29

  • Add a RefsContainer.watch interface. (Jelmer Vernooij, #751)

  • Fix pushing of new branches from porcelain.push. (Jelmer Vernooij, #788)

  • Honor shallows when pushing from a shallow clone. (Jelmer Vernooij, #794)

  • Fix porcelain.path_to_tree_path for Python 3.5. (Boris Feld, #777)

  • Add support for honor proxy environment variables for HTTP. (Aurélien Campéas, #797)

0.20.5 2020-06-22

  • Print a clearer exception when setup.py is executed on Python < 3.5. (Jelmer Vernooij, #783)

  • Send an empty pack to clients if they requested objects, even if they already have those objects. Thanks to Martijn Pieters for the detailed bug report. (Jelmer Vernooij, #781)

  • porcelain.pull: Don’t ask for objects that we already have. (Jelmer Vernooij, #782)

  • Add LCA implementation. (Kevin Hendricks)

  • Add functionality for finding the merge base. (Kevin Hendricks)

  • Check for diverged branches during push. (Jelmer Vernooij, #494)

  • Check for fast-forward during pull. (Jelmer Vernooij, #666)

  • Return a SendPackResult object from GitClient.send_pack(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • GitClient.send_pack now sets the ref_status attribute on its return value to a dictionary mapping ref names to error messages. Previously, it raised UpdateRefsError if any of the refs failed to update. (Jelmer Vernooij, #780)

  • Add a porcelain.Error object that most errors in porcelain derive from. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix argument parsing in dulwich command-line app. (Jelmer Vernooij, #784)

0.20.3 2020-06-14

  • Add support for remembering remote refs after push/pull. (Jelmer Vernooij, #752)

  • Support passing tree and output encoding to dulwich.patch.unified_diff. (Jelmer Vernooij, #763)

  • Fix pushing of new refs over HTTP(S) when there are no new objects to be sent. (Jelmer Vernooij, #739)

  • Raise new error HTTPUnauthorized when the server sends back a 401. The client can then retry with credentials. (Jelmer Vernooij, #691)

  • Move the guts of bin/dulwich to dulwich.cli, so it is easier to test or import. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Install dulwich script from entry_points when setuptools is available, making it slightly easier to use on Windows. (Jelmer Vernooij, #540)

  • Set python_requires>=3.5 in setup.py. (Manuel Jacob)

0.20.2 2020-06-01

  • Brown bag release to fix uploads of Windows wheels.

0.20.1 2020-06-01

  • Publish binary wheels for: Windows, Linux, Mac OS X. (Jelmer Vernooij, #711, #710, #629)

0.20.0 2020-06-01

  • Drop support for Python 2. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Only return files from the loose store that look like git objects. (Nicolas Dandrimont)

  • Ignore agent= capability if sent by client. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Don’t break when encountering block devices. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Decode URL paths in HttpGitClient using utf-8 rather than file system encoding. (Manuel Jacob)

  • Fix pushing from a shallow clone. (Brecht Machiels, #705)

0.19.16 2020-04-17

  • Don’t send “deepen None” to server if graph walker supports shallow. (Jelmer Vernooij, #747)

  • Support tweaking the compression level for loose objects through the “core.looseCompression” and “core.compression” settings. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support tweaking the compression level for pack objects through the “core.packCompression” and “core.compression” settings. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add a “dulwich.contrib.diffstat” module. (Kevin Hendricks)

0.19.15 2020-01-26

  • Properly handle files that are just executable for the current user. (Jelmer Vernooij, #734)

  • Fix handling of stored encoding in dulwich.porcelain.get_object_by_path on Python 3. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support the include_trees and rename_detector arguments at the same time when diffing trees. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.14 2019-11-30

  • Strip superfluous <> around email. (monnerat)

  • Stop checking for ref validity client-side. Users can still call check_wants manually. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Switch over to Google-style docstrings. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add a dulwich.porcelain.active_branch function. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Cleanup new directory if clone fails. (Jelmer Vernooij, #733)

  • Expand “~” in global exclude path. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.13 2019-08-19


  • Avoid PermissionError, since it is Python3-specific. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix regression that added a dependency on C git for the test suite. (Jelmer Vernooij, #720)

  • Fix compatibility with Python 3.8 - mostly deprecation warnings. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.12 2019-08-13


  • Update directory detection for get_unstaged_changes for Python 3. (Boris Feld, #684)

  • Add a basic porcelain.clean. (Lane Barlow, #398)

  • Fix output format of porcelain.diff to match that of C Git. (Boris Feld)

  • Return a 404 not found error when repository is not found.

  • Mark .git directories as hidden on Windows. (Martin Packman, #585)

  • Implement RefsContainer.__iter__ (Jelmer Vernooij, #717)

  • Don’t trust modes if they can’t be modified after a file has been created. (Jelmer Vernooij, #719)

0.19.11 2019-02-07


  • Use fullname from gecos field, if available. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support GIT_AUTHOR_NAME / GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add support for short ids in parse_commit. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add support for prune and prune_tags arguments to porcelain.fetch. (Jelmer Vernooij, #681)


  • Fix handling of race conditions when new packs appear. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.10 2018-01-15


  • Add dulwich.porcelain.write_tree. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support reading MERGE_HEADS in Repo.do_commit. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Import from collections.abc rather than collections where applicable. Required for 3.8 compatibility. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support plain strings as refspec arguments to dulwich.porcelain.push. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add support for creating signed tags. (Jelmer Vernooij, #542)


  • Handle invalid ref that pretends to be a sub-folder under a valid ref. (KS Chan)

0.19.9 2018-11-17


  • Avoid fetching ghosts in Repo.fetch. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Preserve port and username in parsed HTTP URLs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add basic server side implementation of git-upload-archive. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.8 2018-11-06

  • Fix encoding when reading README file in setup.py. (egor <egor@sourced.tech>, #668)

0.19.7 2018-11-05


  • Drop support for Python 3 < 3.4. This is because pkg_resources (which get used by setuptools and mock) no longer supports 3.3 and earlier. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Support depth argument to GitClient.fetch_pack and support fetching and updating shallow metadata. (Jelmer Vernooij, #240)


  • Don’t write to stdout and stderr when they are not available (such as is the case for pythonw). (Sylvia van Os, #652)

  • Fix compatibility with newer versions of git, which expect CONTENT_LENGTH to be set to 0 for empty body requests. (Jelmer Vernooij, #657)

  • Raise an exception client-side when a caller tries to request SHAs that are not directly referenced the servers’ refs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Raise more informative errors when unable to connect to repository over SSH or subprocess. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Handle commit identity fields with multiple “>” characters. (Nicolas Dandrimont)


  • dulwich.porcelain.get_object_by_path method for easily accessing a path in another tree. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support the i18n.commitEncoding setting in config. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.6 2018-08-11


  • Fix support for custom transport arguments in dulwich.porcelain.clone. (Semyon Slepov)

  • Fix compatibility with Python 3.8 (Jelmer Vernooij, Daniel M. Capella)

  • Fix some corner cases in path_to_tree_path. (Romain Keramitas)

  • Support paths as bytestrings in various places in dulwich.index (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Avoid setup.cfg for now, since it seems to break pypi metadata. (Jelmer Vernooij, #658)

0.19.5 2018-07-08


  • Add porcelain.describe. (Sylvia van Os)


  • Fix regression in dulwich.porcelain.clone that prevented cloning of remote repositories. (Jelmer Vernooij, #639)

  • Don’t leave around empty parent directories for removed refs. (Damien Tournoud, #640)

0.19.4 2018-06-24


  • Add porcelain.ls_files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add Index.items. (Jelmer Vernooij)


0.19.3 2018-06-17


  • Add really basic dulwich.porcelain.fsck implementation. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • When the DULWICH_PDB environment variable is set, make SIGQUIT open pdb in the ‘dulwich’ command.

  • Add checkout argument to Repo.clone. (Jelmer Vernooij, #503)

  • Add Repo.get_shallow method. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add basic dulwich.stash module. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support a prefix argument to dulwich.archive.tar_stream. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Fix handling of encoding for tags. (Jelmer Vernooij, #608)

  • Fix tutorial tests on Python 3. (Jelmer Vernooij, #573)

  • Fix remote refs created by porcelain.fetch. (Daniel Andersson, #623)

  • More robust pack creation on Windows. (Daniel Andersson)

  • Fix recursive option for porcelain.ls_tree. (Romain Keramitas)


  • Some improvements to paramiko tests. (Filipp Frizzy)

0.19.2 2018-04-07


  • Fix deprecated Index.iterblobs method. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.1 2018-04-05


  • Add ‘dulwich.mailmap’ file for reading mailmap files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Dulwich no longer depends on urllib3[secure]. Instead, “dulwich[https]” can be used to pull in the necessary dependencies for HTTPS support. (Jelmer Vernooij, #616)

  • Support the http.sslVerify and http.sslCAInfo configuration options. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Factor out dulwich.client.parse_rsync_url function. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix repeat HTTP requests using the same smart HTTP client. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • New ‘client.PLinkSSHVendor’ for creating connections using PuTTY’s plink.exe. (Adam Bradley, Filipp Frizzy)

  • Only pass in key_filename and password to SSHVendor implementations if those parameters are set. (This helps with older SSHVendor implementations) (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Index.iterblobs has been renamed to Index.iterobjects. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.19.0 2018-03-10


  • Make dulwich.archive set the gzip header file modification time so that archives created from the same Git tree are always identical. (#577, Jonas Haag)

  • Allow comment characters (#, ;) within configuration file strings (Daniel Andersson, #579)

  • Raise exception when passing in invalid author/committer values to Repo.do_commit(). (Jelmer Vernooij, #602)


  • Add a fastimport extra. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Start writing reflog entries. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ability to use password and keyfile ssh options with SSHVendor. (Filipp Kucheryavy)

  • Add change_type_same flag to tree_changes. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • GitClient.send_pack now accepts a generate_pack_data rather than a generate_pack_contents function for performance reasons. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Dulwich now uses urllib3 internally for HTTP requests. The opener argument to dulwich.client.HttpGitClient that took a urllib2 opener instance has been replaced by a pool_manager argument that takes a urllib3 pool manager instance. (Daniel Andersson)

0.18.6 2017-11-11


  • Fix handling of empty repositories in porcelain.clone. (#570, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Raise an error when attempting to add paths that are not under the repository. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix error message for missing trailing ]. (Daniel Andersson)

  • Raise EmptyFileException when corruption (in the form of an empty file) is detected. (Antoine R. Dumont, #582)


  • Enforce date field parsing consistency. This also add checks on those date fields for potential overflow. (Antoine R. Dumont, #567)

0.18.5 2017-10-29


  • Fix cwd for hooks. (Fabian Grünbichler)

  • Fix setting of origin in config when non-standard origin is passed into Repo.clone. (Kenneth Lareau, #565)

  • Prevent setting SSH arguments from SSH URLs when using SSH through a subprocess. Note that Dulwich doesn’t support cloning submodules. (CVE-2017-16228) (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Silently ignored directories in Repo.stage. (Jelmer Vernooij, #564)


  • GitFile now raises FileLocked when encountering a lock rather than OSError(EEXIST). (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.18.4 2017-10-01


  • Make default User-Agent start with “git/” because GitHub won’t response to HTTP smart server requests otherwise (and reply with a 404). (Jelmer vernooij, #562)

0.18.3 2017-09-03


  • Read config during porcelain operations that involve remotes. (Jelmer Vernooij, #545)

  • Fix headers of empty chunks in unified diffs. (Taras Postument, #543)

  • Properly follow redirects over HTTP. (Jelmer Vernooij, #117)


  • Add dulwich.porcelain.update_head. (Jelmer Vernooij, #439)

  • GitClient.fetch_pack now returns symrefs. (Jelmer Vernooij, #485)

  • The server now supports providing symrefs. (Jelmer Vernooij, #485)

  • Add dulwich.object_store.commit_tree_changes to incrementally commit changes to a tree structure. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add basic PackBasedObjectStore.repack method. (Jelmer Vernooij, Earl Chew, #296, #549, #552)

0.18.2 2017-08-01


  • Use constant timestamp so tests pass in all timezones, not just BST. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.18.1 2017-07-31


  • Fix syntax error in dulwich.contrib.test_swift_smoke. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.18.0 2017-07-31


  • Fix remaining tests on Windows. (Jelmer Vernooij, #493)

  • Fix build of C extensions with Python 3 on Windows. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Pass ‘mkdir’ argument onto Repo.init_bare in Repo.clone. (Jelmer Vernooij, #504)

  • In dulwich.porcelain.add, if no files are specified, add from current working directory rather than repository root. (Jelmer Vernooij, #521)

  • Properly deal with submodules in ‘porcelain.status’. (Jelmer Vernooij, #517)

  • dulwich.porcelain.remove now actually removes files from disk, not just from the index. (Jelmer Vernooij, #488)

  • Fix handling of “reset” command with markers and without “from”. (Antoine Pietri)

  • Fix handling of “merge” command with markers. (Antoine Pietri)

  • Support treeish argument to porcelain.reset(), rather than requiring a ref/commit id. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Handle race condition when mtime doesn’t change between writes/reads. (Jelmer Vernooij, #541)

  • Fix dulwich.porcelain.show on commits with Python 3. (Jelmer Vernooij, #532)


  • Add basic support for reading ignore files in dulwich.ignore. dulwich.porcelain.add and dulwich.porcelain.status now honor ignores. (Jelmer Vernooij, Segev Finer, #524, #526)

  • New dulwich.porcelain.check_ignore command. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • dulwich.porcelain.status now supports a ignored argument. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Clarified docstrings for Client.{send_pack,fetch_pack} implementations. (Jelmer Vernooij, #523)

0.17.3 2017-03-20


  • List Python 3.3 as supported. (Jelmer Vernooij, #513)


  • Fix compatibility with pypy 3. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.17.2 2017-03-19


0.17.1 2017-03-01


  • Add basic ‘dulwich pull’ command. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Cope with existing submodules during pull. (Jelmer Vernooij, #505)

0.17.0 2017-03-01


  • Skip test that requires sync to synchronize filesystems if os.sync is not available. (Koen Martens)


  • Implement MemoryRepo.{set_description,get_description}. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Raise exception in Repo.stage() when absolute paths are passed in. Allow passing in relative paths to porcelain.add().(Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Handle multi-line quoted values in config files. (Jelmer Vernooij, #495)

  • Allow porcelain.clone of repository without HEAD. (Jelmer Vernooij, #501)

  • Support passing tag ids to Walker()’s include argument. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Don’t strip trailing newlines from extra headers. (Nicolas Dandrimont)

  • Set bufsize=0 for subprocess interaction with SSH client. Fixes hangs on Python 3. (René Stern, #434)

  • Don’t drop first slash for SSH paths, except for those starting with “~”. (Jelmer Vernooij, René Stern, #463)

  • Properly log off after retrieving just refs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.16.3 2016-01-14


  • Remove racy check that relies on clock time changing between writes. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Add porcelain.remote_add. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.16.2 2016-01-14


  • Fixed failing test-cases on windows. (Koen Martens)


  • Repo is now a context manager, so that it can be easily closed using a with statement. (Søren Løvborg)


  • Only run worktree list compat tests against git 2.7.0, when ‘git worktree list’ was introduced. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Ignore filemode when building index when core.filemode is false. (Koen Martens)

  • Initialize core.filemode configuration setting by probing the filesystem for trustable permissions. (Koen Martens)

  • Fix porcelain.reset to respect the committish argument. (Koen Martens)

  • Fix dulwich.porcelain.ls_remote() on Python 3. (#471, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Allow both unicode and byte strings for host paths in dulwich.client. (#435, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add remote from porcelain.clone. (#466, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix unquoting of credentials before passing to urllib2. (#475, Volodymyr Holovko)

  • Cope with submodules in build_index_from_tree. (#477, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Handle deleted files in get_unstaged_changes. (#483, Doug Hellmann)

  • Don’t overwrite files when they haven’t changed in build_file_from_blob. (#479, Benoît HERVIER)

  • Check for existence of index file before opening pack. Fixes a race when new packs are being added. (#482, wme)

0.16.1 2016-12-25


  • Fix python3 compatibility for dulwich.contrib.release_robot. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.16.0 2016-12-24


  • Add support for worktrees. See git-worktree(1) and gitrepository-layout(5). (Laurent Rineau)

  • Add support for commondir file in Git control directories. (Laurent Rineau)

  • Add support for passwords in HTTP URLs. (Jon Bain, Mika Mäenpää)

  • Add release_robot script to contrib, allowing easy finding of current version based on Git tags. (Mark Mikofski)

  • Add Blob.splitlines method. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Fix handling of Commit.tree being set to an actual tree object rather than a tree id. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Return remote refs from LocalGitClient.fetch_pack(), consistent with the documentation for that method. (#461, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix handling of unknown URL schemes in get_transport_and_path. (#465, Jelmer Vernooij)

0.15.0 2016-10-09


  • Allow missing trailing LF when reading service name from HTTP servers. (Jelmer Vernooij, Andrew Shadura, #442)

  • Fix dulwich.porcelain.pull() on Python3. (Jelmer Vernooij, #451)

  • Properly pull in tags during dulwich.porcelain.clone. (Jelmer Vernooij, #408)


  • Changed license from “GNU General Public License, version 2.0 or later” to “Apache License, version 2.0 or later or GNU General Public License, version 2.0 or later”. (#153)


  • Add dulwich.porcelain.ls_tree implementation. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.14.1 2016-07-05


  • Fix regression removing untouched refs when pushing over SSH. (Jelmer Vernooij #441)

  • Skip Python3 tests for SWIFT contrib module, as it has not yet been ported.

0.14.0 2016-07-03


  • Fix ShaFile.id after modification of a copied ShaFile. (Félix Mattrat, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support removing refs from porcelain.push. (Jelmer Vernooij, #437)

  • Stop magic protocol ref capabilities^{} from leaking out to clients. (Jelmer Vernooij, #254)


  • Add dulwich.config.parse_submodules function.

  • Add RefsContainer.follow method. (#438)

0.13.0 2016-04-24


  • Support ssh:// URLs in get_transport_and_path_from_url(). (Jelmer Vernooij, #402)

  • Support missing empty line after headers in Git commits and tags. (Nicolas Dandrimont, #413)

  • Fix dulwich.porcelain.status when used in empty trees. (Jelmer Vernooij, #415)

  • Return copies of objects in MemoryObjectStore rather than references, making the behaviour more consistent with that of DiskObjectStore. (Félix Mattrat, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix dulwich.web on Python3. (#295, Jonas Haag)


  • Drop support for Python 2.6.

  • Fix python3 client web support. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Fix hang on Gzip decompression. (Jonas Haag)

  • Don’t rely on working tell() and seek() methods on wsgi.input. (Jonas Haag)

  • Support fastexport/fastimport functionality on python3 with newer versions of fastimport (>= 0.9.5). (Jelmer Vernooij, Félix Mattrat)

0.12.0 2015-12-13


  • Add a dulwich.archive module that can create tarballs. Based on code from Jonas Haag in klaus.

  • Add a dulwich.reflog module for reading and writing reflogs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix handling of ambiguous refs in parse_ref to make it match the behaviour described in https://git-scm.com/docs/gitrevisions. (Chris Bunney)

  • Support Python3 in C modules. (Lele Gaifax)


  • Simplify handling of SSH command invocation. Fixes quoting of paths. Thanks, Thomas Liebetraut. (#384)

  • Fix inconsistent handling of trailing slashes for DictRefsContainer. (#383)

  • Add hack to support thin packs duing fetch(), albeit while requiring the entire pack file to be loaded into memory. (jsbain)


  • This will be the last release to support Python 2.6.

0.11.2 2015-09-18


  • Add support for agent= capability. (Jelmer Vernooij, #298)

  • Add support for quiet capability. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • The ParamikoSSHVendor class has been moved to

  • dulwich.contrib.paramiko_vendor, as it’s currently untested. (Jelmer Vernooij, #364)

0.11.1 2015-09-13

Fix-up release to exclude broken blame.py file.

0.11.0 2015-09-13


  • Extended Python3 support to most of the codebase. (Gary van der Merwe, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • The Repo object has a new close method that can be called to close any open resources. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Support ‘git.bat’ in SubprocessGitClient on Windows. (Stefan Zimmermann)

  • Advertise ‘ofs-delta’ capability in receive-pack server side capabilities. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Switched default_local_git_client_cls to LocalGitClient. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Add porcelain.ls_remote and GitClient.get_refs. (Michael Edgar)

  • Add Repo.discover method. (B. M. Corser)

  • Add dulwich.objectspec.parse_refspec. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add porcelain.pack_objects and porcelain.repack. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Fix handling of ‘done’ in graph walker and implement the ‘no-done’ capability. (Tommy Yu, #88)

  • Avoid recursion limit issues resolving deltas. (William Grant, #81)

  • Allow arguments in local client binary path overrides. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix handling of commands with arguments in paramiko SSH client. (Andreas Klöckner, Jelmer Vernooij, #363)

  • Fix parsing of quoted strings in configs. (Jelmer Vernooij, #305)

0.10.1 2015-03-25


  • Return ApplyDeltaError when encountering delta errors in both C extensions and native delta application code. (Jelmer Vernooij, #259)

0.10.0 2015-03-22


  • In dulwich.index.build_index_from_tree, by default refuse to create entries that start with .git/. (Jelmer Vernooij, CVE-2014-9706)

  • Fix running of testsuite when installed. (Jelmer Vernooij, #223)

  • Use a block cache in _find_content_rename_candidates(), improving performance. (Mike Williams)

  • Add support for core.protectNTFS setting. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix TypeError when fetching empty updates. (Hwee Miin Koh)

  • Resolve delta refs when pulling into a MemoryRepo. (Max Shawabkeh, #256)

  • Fix handling of tags of non-commits in missing object finder. (Augie Fackler, #211)

  • Explicitly disable mmap on plan9 where it doesn’t work. (Jeff Sickel)


  • New public method Repo.reset_index. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Prevent duplicate parsing of loose files in objects directory when reading. Thanks to David Keijser for the report. (Jelmer Vernooij, #231)

0.9.9 2015-03-20


  • Fix buffer overflow in C implementation of pack apply_delta(). (CVE-2015-0838)

    Thanks to Ivan Fratric of the Google Security Team for reporting this issue. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.9.8 2014-11-30


  • Various fixes to improve test suite running on Windows. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Limit delta copy length to 64K in v2 pack files. (Robert Brown)

  • Strip newline from final ACKed SHA while fetching packs. (Michael Edgar)

  • Remove assignment to PyList_SIZE() that was causing segfaults on pypy. (Jelmer Vernooij, #196)


  • Add porcelain ‘receive-pack’ and ‘upload-pack’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Handle SIGINT signals in bin/dulwich. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ‘status’ support to bin/dulwich. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ‘branch_create’, ‘branch_list’, ‘branch_delete’ porcelain. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ‘fetch’ porcelain. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ‘tag_delete’ porcelain. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add support for serializing/deserializing ‘gpgsig’ attributes in Commit. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • dul-web is now available as ‘dulwich web-daemon’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • dulwich.porcelain.tag has been renamed to tag_create. dulwich.porcelain.list_tags has been renamed to tag_list. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Restore support for Python 2.6. (Jelmer Vernooij, Gary van der Merwe)

0.9.7 2014-06-08


  • Fix tests dependent on hash ordering. (Michael Edgar)

  • Support staging symbolic links in Repo.stage. (Robert Brown)

  • Ensure that all files object are closed when running the test suite. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • When writing OFS_DELTA pack entries, write correct offset. (Augie Fackler)

  • Fix handler of larger copy operations in packs. (Augie Fackler)

  • Various fixes to improve test suite running on Windows. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Fix logic for extra adds of identical files in rename detector. (Robert Brown)


  • Add porcelain ‘status’. (Ryan Faulkner)

  • Add porcelain ‘daemon’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add dulwich.greenthreads module which provides support for concurrency of some object store operations. (Fabien Boucher)

  • Various changes to improve compatibility with Python 3. (Gary van der Merwe, Hannu Valtonen, michael-k)

  • Add OpenStack Swift backed repository implementation in dulwich.contrib. See README.swift for details. (Fabien Boucher)


  • An optional close function can be passed to the Protocol class. This will be called by its close method. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • All classes with close methods are now context managers, so that they can be easily closed using a with statement. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Remove deprecated num_objects argument to write_pack methods. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • The ‘dul-daemon’ script has been removed. The same functionality is now available as ‘dulwich daemon’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.9.6 2014-04-23


  • Add support for recursive add in ‘git add’. (Ryan Faulkner, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add porcelain ‘list_tags’. (Ryan Faulkner)

  • Add porcelain ‘push’. (Ryan Faulkner)

  • Add porcelain ‘pull’. (Ryan Faulkner)

  • Support ‘http.proxy’ in HttpGitClient. (Jelmer Vernooij, #1096030)

  • Support ‘http.useragent’ in HttpGitClient. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • In server, wait for clients to send empty list of wants when talking to empty repository. (Damien Tournoud)

  • Various changes to improve compatibility with Python 3. (Gary van der Merwe)


  • Support unseekable ‘wsgi.input’ streams. (Jonas Haag)

  • Raise TypeError when passing unicode() object to Repo.__getitem__. (Jonas Haag)

  • Fix handling of reset command in dulwich.fastexport. (Jelmer Vernooij, #1249029)

  • In client, don’t wait for server to close connection first. Fixes hang when used against GitHub server implementation. (Siddharth Agarwal)

  • DeltaChainIterator: fix a corner case where an object is inflated as an object already in the repository. (Damien Tournoud, #135)

  • Stop leaking file handles during pack reload. (Damien Tournoud)

  • Avoid reopening packs during pack cache reload. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Drop support for Python 2.6. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.9.5 2014-02-23


  • Add porcelain ‘tag’. (Ryan Faulkner)

  • New module dulwich.objectspec for parsing strings referencing objects and commit ranges. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add shallow branch support. (milki)

  • Allow passing urllib2 opener into HttpGitClient. (Dov Feldstern, #909037)


  • Drop support for Python 2.4 and 2.5. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Remove long deprecated Repo.commit, Repo.get_blob, Repo.tree and Repo.tag. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Remove long deprecated Repo.revision_history and Repo.ref. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Remove long deprecated Tree.entries. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Raise KeyError rather than TypeError when passing in unicode object of length 20 or 40 to Repo.__getitem__. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Use ‘rm’ rather than ‘unlink’ in tests, since the latter does not exist on OpenBSD and other platforms. (Dmitrij D. Czarkoff)

0.9.4 2013-11-30


  • Add ssh_kwargs attribute to ParamikoSSHVendor. (milki)

  • Add Repo.set_description(). (Víðir Valberg Guðmundsson)

  • Add a basic dulwich.porcelain module. (Jelmer Vernooij, Marcin Kuzminski)

  • Various performance improvements for object access. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • New function get_transport_and_path_from_url, similar to get_transport_and_path but only supports URLs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add support for file:// URLs in get_transport_and_path_from_url. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add LocalGitClient implementation. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Support filesystems with 64bit inode and device numbers. (André Roth)


  • Ref handling has been moved to dulwich.refs. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Remove long deprecated RefsContainer.set_ref(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Repo.ref() is now deprecated in favour of Repo.refs[]. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Add support for graftpoints. (milki)

0.9.3 2013-09-27


  • Fix path for stdint.h in MANIFEST.in. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.9.2 2013-09-26


  • Include stdint.h in MANIFEST.in (Mark Mikofski)

0.9.1 2013-09-22


  • Support lookups of 40-character refs in BaseRepo.__getitem__. (Chow Loong Jin, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix fetching packs with side-band-64k capability disabled. (David Keijser, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Several fixes in send-pack protocol behaviour - handling of empty pack files and deletes. (milki, #1063087)

  • Fix capability negotiation when fetching packs over HTTP. (#1072461, William Grant)

  • Enforce determine_wants returning an empty list rather than None. (Fabien Boucher, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • In the server, support pushes just removing refs. (Fabien Boucher, Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Support passing a single revision to BaseRepo.get_walker() rather than a list of revisions. (Alberto Ruiz)

  • Add Repo.get_description method. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Support thin packs in Pack.iterobjects() and Pack.get_raw(). (William Grant)

  • Add MemoryObjectStore.add_pack and MemoryObjectStore.add_thin_pack methods. (David Bennett)

  • Add paramiko-based SSH vendor. (Aaron O’Mullan)

  • Support running ‘dulwich.server’ and ‘dulwich.web’ using ‘python -m’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ObjectStore.close(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Raise appropriate NotImplementedError when encountering dumb HTTP servers. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • SSHVendor.connect_ssh has been renamed to SSHVendor.run_command. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • ObjectStore.add_pack() now returns a 3-tuple. The last element will be an abort() method that can be used to cancel the pack operation. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.9.0 2013-05-31


  • Push efficiency - report missing objects only. (#562676, Artem Tikhomirov)

  • Use indentation consistent with C Git in config files. (#1031356, Curt Moore, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Recognize and skip binary files in diff function. (Takeshi Kanemoto)

  • Fix handling of relative paths in dulwich.client.get_transport_and_path. (Brian Visel, #1169368)

  • Preserve ordering of entries in configuration. (Benjamin Pollack)

  • Support ~ expansion in SSH client paths. (milki, #1083439)

  • Support relative paths in alternate paths. (milki, Michel Lespinasse, #1175007)

  • Log all error messages from wsgiref server to the logging module. This makes the test suit quiet again. (Gary van der Merwe)

  • Support passing None for empty tree in changes_from_tree. (Kevin Watters)

  • Support fetching empty repository in client. (milki, #1060462)


  • Add optional honor_filemode flag to build_index_from_tree. (Mark Mikofski)

  • Support core/filemode setting when building trees. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add chapter on tags in tutorial. (Ryan Faulkner)


  • Add support for mergetags. (milki, #963525)

  • Add support for posix shell hooks. (milki)

0.8.7 2012-11-27


  • Fix use of alternates in DiskObjectStore.{__contains__,__iter__}. (Dmitriy)

  • Fix compatibility with Python 2.4. (David Carr)

0.8.6 2012-11-09


  • dulwich.__init__ no longer imports client, protocol, repo and server modules. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • ConfigDict now behaves more like a dictionary. (Adam ‘Cezar’ Jenkins, issue #58)

  • HTTPGitApplication now takes an optional fallback_app argument. (Jonas Haag, issue #67)

  • Support for large pack index files. (Jameson Nash)


  • Make index entry tests a little bit less strict, to cope with slightly different behaviour on various platforms. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • setup.py test (available when setuptools is installed) now runs all tests, not just the basic unit tests. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Commit._deserialize now actually deserializes the current state rather than the previous one. (Yifan Zhang, issue #59)

  • Handle None elements in lists of TreeChange objects. (Alex Holmes)

  • Support cloning repositories without HEAD set. (D-Key, Jelmer Vernooij, issue #69)

  • Support MemoryRepo.get_config. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • In get_transport_and_path, pass extra keyword arguments on to HttpGitClient. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.8.5 2012-03-29


  • Avoid use of ‘with’ in dulwich.index. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Be a little bit strict about OS behaviour in index tests. Should fix the tests on Debian GNU/kFreeBSD. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.8.4 2012-03-28


  • Options on the same line as sections in config files are now supported. (Jelmer Vernooij, #920553)

  • Only negotiate capabilities that are also supported by the server. (Rod Cloutier, Risto Kankkunen)

  • Fix parsing of invalid timezone offsets with two minus signs. (Jason R. Coombs, #697828)

  • Reset environment variables during tests, to avoid test isolation leaks reading ~/.gitconfig. (Risto Kankkunen)


  • $HOME is now explicitly specified for tests that use it to read ~/.gitconfig, to prevent test isolation issues. (Jelmer Vernooij, #920330)


  • Additional arguments to get_transport_and_path are now passed on to the constructor of the transport. (Sam Vilain)

  • The WSGI server now transparently handles when a git client submits data using Content-Encoding: gzip. (David Blewett, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add dulwich.index.build_index_from_tree(). (milki)

0.8.3 2012-01-21


  • The config parser now supports the git-config file format as described in git-config(1) and can write git config files. (Jelmer Vernooij, #531092, #768687)

  • Repo.do_commit will now use the user identity from .git/config or ~/.gitconfig if none was explicitly specified. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Allow determine_wants methods to include the zero sha in their return value. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.8.2 2011-12-18


  • Cope with different zlib buffer sizes in sha1 file parser. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix get_transport_and_path for HTTP/HTTPS URLs. (Bruno Renié)

  • Avoid calling free_objects() on NULL in error cases. (Chris Eberle)

  • Fix use –bare argument to ‘dulwich init’. (Chris Eberle)

  • Properly abort connections when the determine_wants function raises an exception. (Jelmer Vernooij, #856769)

  • Tweak xcodebuild hack to deal with more error output. (Jelmer Vernooij, #903840)


  • Add support for retrieving tarballs from remote servers. (Jelmer Vernooij, #379087)

  • New method update_server_info which generates data for dumb server access. (Jelmer Vernooij, #731235)

0.8.1 2011-10-31


  • Repo.do_commit has a new argument ‘ref’.

  • Repo.do_commit has a new argument ‘merge_heads’. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • New Repo.get_walker method. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • New Repo.clone method. (Jelmer Vernooij, #725369)

  • GitClient.send_pack now supports the ‘side-band-64k’ capability. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • HttpGitClient which supports the smart server protocol over HTTP. “dumb” access is not yet supported. (Jelmer Vernooij, #373688)

  • Add basic support for alternates. (Jelmer Vernooij, #810429)


  • unittest2 or python >= 2.7 is now required for the testsuite. testtools is no longer supported. (Jelmer Vernooij, #830713)


  • Fix compilation with older versions of MSVC. (Martin gz)

  • Special case ‘refs/stash’ as a valid ref. (Jelmer Vernooij, #695577)

  • Smart protocol clients can now change refs even if they are not uploading new data. (Jelmer Vernooij, #855993)

  • Don’t compile C extensions when running in pypy. (Ronny Pfannschmidt, #881546)

  • Use different name for strnlen replacement function to avoid clashing with system strnlen. (Jelmer Vernooij, #880362)


  • Repo.revision_history is now deprecated in favor of Repo.get_walker. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.8.0 2011-08-07


  • New DeltaChainIterator abstract class for quickly iterating all objects in a pack, with implementations for pack indexing and inflation. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New walk module with a Walker class for customizable commit walking. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New tree_changes_for_merge function in diff_tree. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Easy rename detection in RenameDetector even without find_copies_harder. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Avoid storing all objects in memory when writing pack. (Jelmer Vernooij, #813268)

  • Support IPv6 for git:// connections. (Jelmer Vernooij, #801543)

  • Improve performance of Repo.revision_history(). (Timo Schmid, #535118)

  • Fix use of SubprocessWrapper on Windows. (Paulo Madeira, #670035)

  • Fix compilation on newer versions of Mac OS X (Lion and up). (Ryan McKern, #794543)

  • Prevent raising ValueError for correct refs in RefContainer.__delitem__.

  • Correctly return a tuple from MemoryObjectStore.get_raw. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix a bug in reading the pack checksum when there are fewer than 20 bytes left in the buffer. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Support ~ in git:// URL paths. (Jelmer Vernooij, #813555)

  • Make ShaFile.__eq__ work when other is not a ShaFile. (Dave Borowitz)

  • ObjectStore.get_graph_walker() now no longer yields the same revision more than once. This has a significant improvement for performance when wide revision graphs are involved. (Jelmer Vernooij, #818168)

  • Teach ReceivePackHandler how to read empty packs. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Don’t send a pack with duplicates of the same object. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Teach the server how to serve a clone of an empty repo. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Correctly advertise capabilities during receive-pack. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix add/add and add/rename conflicts in tree_changes_for_merge. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Use correct MIME types in web server. (Dave Borowitz)


  • write_pack no longer takes the num_objects argument and requires an object to be passed in that is iterable (rather than an iterator) and that provides __len__. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • write_pack_data has been renamed to write_pack_objects and no longer takes a num_objects argument. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • take_msb_bytes, read_zlib_chunks, unpack_objects, and PackStreamReader.read_objects now take an additional argument indicating a crc32 to compute. (Dave Borowitz)

  • PackObjectIterator was removed; its functionality is still exposed by PackData.iterobjects. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add a sha arg to write_pack_object to incrementally compute a SHA. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Include offset in PackStreamReader results. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Move PackStreamReader from server to pack. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Extract a check_length_and_checksum, compute_file_sha, and pack_object_header pack helper functions. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Extract a compute_file_sha function. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Remove move_in_thin_pack as a separate method; add_thin_pack now completes the thin pack and moves it in in one step. Remove ThinPackData as well. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Custom buffer size in read_zlib_chunks. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New UnpackedObject data class that replaces ad-hoc tuples in the return value of unpack_object and various DeltaChainIterator methods. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add a lookup_path convenience method to Tree. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Optionally create RenameDetectors without passing in tree SHAs. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Optionally include unchanged entries in RenameDetectors. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Optionally pass a RenameDetector to tree_changes. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Optionally pass a request object through to server handlers. (Dave Borowitz)


  • If setuptools is installed, “python setup.py test” will now run the testsuite. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add a new build_pack test utility for building packs from a simple spec. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add a new build_commit_graph test utility for building commits from a simple spec. (Dave Borowitz)

0.7.1 2011-04-12


  • Fix double decref in _diff_tree.c. (Ted Horst, #715528)

  • Fix the build on Windows. (Pascal Quantin)

  • Fix get_transport_and_path compatibility with pre-2.6.5 versions of Python. (Max Bowsher, #707438)

  • BaseObjectStore.determine_wants_all no longer breaks on zero SHAs. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • write_tree_diff() now supports submodules. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix compilation for XCode 4 and older versions of distutils.sysconfig. (Daniele Sluijters)


  • Sphinxified documentation. (Lukasz Balcerzak)

  • Add Pack.keep.(Marc Brinkmann)


  • The order of the parameters to Tree.add(name, mode, sha) has changed, and is now consistent with the rest of Dulwich. Existing code will still work but print a DeprecationWarning. (Jelmer Vernooij, #663550)

  • Tree.entries() is now deprecated in favour of Tree.items() and Tree.iteritems(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.7.0 2011-01-21


  • New dulwich.diff_tree module for simple content-based rename detection. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add Tree.items(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add eof() and unread_pkt_line() methods to Protocol. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add write_tree_diff(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add serve_command function for git server commands as executables. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • dulwich.client.get_transport_and_path now supports rsync-style repository URLs. (Dave Borowitz, #568493)


  • Correct short-circuiting operation for no-op fetches in the server. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Support parsing git mbox patches without a version tail, as generated by Mercurial. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix dul-receive-pack and dul-upload-pack. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Zero-padded file modes in Tree objects no longer trigger an exception but the check code warns about them. (Augie Fackler, #581064)

  • Repo.init() now honors the mkdir flag. (#671159)

  • The ref format is now checked when setting a ref rather than when reading it back. (Dave Borowitz, #653527)

  • Make sure pack files are closed correctly. (Tay Ray Chuan)


  • Run the tutorial inside the test suite. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Reorganized and updated the tutorial. (Jelmer Vernooij, Dave Borowitz, #610550,


0.6.2 2010-10-16


  • HTTP server correctly handles empty CONTENT_LENGTH. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Don’t error when creating GitFiles with the default mode. (Dave Borowitz)

  • ThinPackData.from_file now works with resolve_ext_ref callback. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Provide strnlen() on mingw32 which doesn’t have it. (Hans Kolek)

  • Set bare=true in the configuration for bare repositories. (Dirk Neumann)


  • Use slots for core objects to save up on memory. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Web server supports streaming progress/pack output. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New public function dulwich.pack.write_pack_header. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Distinguish between missing files and read errors in HTTP server. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Initial work on support for fastimport using python-fastimport. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • New dulwich.pack.MemoryPackIndex class. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Delegate SHA peeling to the object store. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Use GitFile when modifying packed-refs in tests. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New tests in test_web with better coverage and fewer ad-hoc mocks. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Standardize quote delimiters in test_protocol. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix use when testtools is installed. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add trivial test for write_pack_header. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Refactor some of dulwich.tests.compat.server_utils. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Allow overwriting id property of objects in test utils. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Use real in-memory objects rather than stubs for server tests. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Clean up MissingObjectFinder. (Dave Borowitz)


  • ObjectStore.iter_tree_contents now walks contents in depth-first, sorted order. (Dave Borowitz)

  • ObjectStore.iter_tree_contents can optionally yield tree objects as well. (Dave Borowitz).

  • Add side-band-64k support to ReceivePackHandler. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Change server capabilities methods to classmethods. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Tweak server handler injection. (Dave Borowitz)

  • PackIndex1 and PackIndex2 now subclass FilePackIndex, which is itself a subclass of PackIndex. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Add docstrings for various functions in dulwich.objects. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Clean up docstrings in dulwich.protocol. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Explicitly specify allowed protocol commands to ProtocolGraphWalker.read_proto_line. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add utility functions to DictRefsContainer. (Dave Borowitz)

0.6.1 2010-07-22


  • Fix memory leak in C implementation of sorted_tree_items. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Use correct path separators for named repo files. (Dave Borowitz)

  • python > 2.7 and testtools-based test runners will now also pick up skipped tests correctly. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Move named file initialization to BaseRepo. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add logging utilities and git/HTTP server logging. (Dave Borowitz)

  • The GitClient interface has been cleaned up and instances are now reusable. (Augie Fackler)

  • Allow overriding paths to executables in GitSSHClient. (Ross Light, Jelmer Vernooij, #585204)

  • Add PackBasedObjectStore.pack_loose_objects(). (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • Add tests for sorted_tree_items and C implementation. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add a MemoryRepo that stores everything in memory. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Quiet logging output from web tests. (Dave Borowitz)

  • More flexible version checking for compat tests. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Compat tests for servers with and without side-band-64k. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Clean up file headers. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Use GitFile when modifying packed-refs in tests. (Dave Borowitz)


  • dulwich.pack.write_pack_index_v{1,2} now take a file-like object rather than a filename. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Make dul-daemon/dul-web trivial wrappers around server functionality. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Move reference WSGI handler to web.py. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Factor out _report_status in ReceivePackHandler. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Factor out a function to convert a line to a pkt-line. (Dave Borowitz)

0.6.0 2010-05-22

note: This list is most likely incomplete for 0.6.0.


  • Fix ReceivePackHandler to disallow removing refs without delete-refs. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Deal with capabilities required by the client, even if they can not be disabled in the server. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix trailing newlines in generated patch files. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Implement RefsContainer.__contains__. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Cope with r in ref files on Windows. ( http://github.com/jelmer/dulwich/issues/#issue/13, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Fix GitFile breakage on Windows. (Anatoly Techtonik, #557585)

  • Support packed ref deletion with no peeled refs. (Augie Fackler)

  • Fix send pack when there is nothing to fetch. (Augie Fackler)

  • Fix fetch if no progress function is specified. (Augie Fackler)

  • Allow double-staging of files that are deleted in the index. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix RefsContainer.add_if_new to support dangling symrefs. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Non-existent index files in non-bare repositories are now treated as empty. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Always update ShaFile.id when the contents of the object get changed. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Various Python2.4-compatibility fixes. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Fix thin pack handling. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Add include-tag capability to server. (Dave Borowitz)

  • New dulwich.fastexport module that can generate fastexport streams. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Implemented BaseRepo.__contains__. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add __setitem__ to DictRefsContainer. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Overall improvements checking Git objects. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Packs are now verified while they are received. (Dave Borowitz)


  • Add framework for testing compatibility with C Git. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add various tests for the use of non-bare repositories. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Cope with diffstat not being available on all platforms. (Tay Ray Chuan, Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add make_object and make_commit convenience functions to test utils. (Dave Borowitz)


  • The ‘committer’ and ‘message’ arguments to Repo.do_commit() have been swapped. ‘committer’ is now optional. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Repo.get_blob, Repo.commit, Repo.tag and Repo.tree are now deprecated. (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • RefsContainer.set_ref() was renamed to RefsContainer.set_symbolic_ref(), for clarity. (Jelmer Vernooij)


  • The primary serialization APIs in dulwich.objects now work with chunks of strings rather than with full-text strings. (Jelmer Vernooij)



  • Support custom fields in commits (readonly). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Improved ref handling. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Rework server protocol to be smarter and interoperate with cgit client. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add a GitFile class that uses the same locking protocol for writes as cgit. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Cope with forward slashes correctly in the index on Windows. (Jelmer Vernooij, #526793)


  • –pure option to setup.py to allow building/installing without the C extensions. (Hal Wine, Anatoly Techtonik, Jelmer Vernooij, #434326)

  • Implement Repo.get_config(). (Jelmer Vernooij, Augie Fackler)

  • HTTP dumb and smart server. (Dave Borowitz)

  • Add abstract baseclass for Repo that does not require file system operations. (Dave Borowitz)

0.4.1 2010-01-03


  • Add ObjectStore.iter_tree_contents(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add Index.changes_from_tree(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add ObjectStore.tree_changes(). (Jelmer Vernooij)

  • Add functionality for writing patches in dulwich.patch. (Jelmer Vernooij)

0.4.0 2009-10-07


  • Added tutorial.


  • dulwich.object_store.tree_lookup_path will now return the mode and sha of the object found rather than the object itself.


  • Use binascii.hexlify / binascii.unhexlify for better performance.

  • Cope with extra unknown data in index files by ignoring it (for now).

  • Add proper error message when server unexpectedly hangs up. (#415843)

  • Correctly write opcode for equal in create_delta.

0.3.3 2009-07-23


  • Implement ShaFile.__hash__().

  • Implement Tree.__len__()


  • Check for ‘objects’ and ‘refs’ directories when looking for a Git repository. (#380818)

0.3.2 2009-05-20


  • Support the encoding field in Commits.

  • Some Windows compatibility fixes.

  • Fixed several issues in commit support.


  • Basic support for handling submodules.

0.3.1 2009-05-13


  • Implemented Repo.__getitem__, Repo.__setitem__ and Repo.__delitem__ to access content.


  • Removed Repo.set_ref, Repo.remove_ref, Repo.tags, Repo.get_refs and Repo.heads in favor of Repo.refs, a dictionary-like object for accessing refs.


  • Removed import of ‘sha’ module in objects.py, which was causing deprecation warnings on Python 2.6.

0.3.0 2009-05-10


  • A new function ‘commit_tree’ has been added that can commit a tree based on an index.


  • The memory usage when generating indexes has been significantly reduced.

  • A memory leak in the C implementation of parse_tree has been fixed.

  • The send-pack smart server command now works. (Thanks Scott Chacon)

  • The handling of short timestamps (less than 10 digits) has been fixed.

  • The handling of timezones has been fixed.

0.2.1 2009-04-30


  • Fix compatibility with Python2.4.

0.2.0 2009-04-30


  • Support for activity reporting in smart protocol client.

  • Optional C extensions for better performance in a couple of places that are performance-critical.

0.1.1 2009-03-13


  • Fixed regression in Repo.find_missing_objects()

  • Don’t fetch ^{} objects from remote hosts, as requesting them causes a hangup.

  • Always write pack to disk completely before calculating checksum.


  • Allow disabling thin packs when talking to remote hosts.

0.1.0 2009-01-24

  • Initial release.

Indices and tables